Rhetorical Analysis of Michelle Obama’s Speech- DRAFT

Days before Michelle Obama delivered her speech to New Hampshire on republican nominee Donald Trump’s alleged treatment of women, a tape of him talking about sexually assaulting women had just been released. Obama gave this speech this context, and in the context of the upcoming Election day. The speech could be considered a presidential speech- after all it is endorsing Hillary Clinton being elected president. However, it really is more of an inspirational speech, rallying up her audience; Obama is telling her audience to go out and vote, and to not let Donald Trump become the President.

The speech was very effective: Obama clearly used her authoritative power as the First Lady to convince the audience that she was worth listening to, it appealed to the fear and anger of the women in the crowd, and it appealed to the logic of those who want to vote for the more logical, qualified candidate.

From the beginning of her speech, Michelle Obama established her authority (or ethos) of being First Lady as the speaker. The first anecdote used was an event held at the White House, and throughout the speech she refers to her and Barack Obama’s law degrees. At the end of the speech, she convinces the audience that every vote counts by referring to Mr. Obama’s election. Most of her authority in this speech, however, comes from her experience as a woman. The speech was a response to Trump’s alleged treatment of women, therefore it was directed at women- So the most effective speaker would be a woman. Obama uses this, constantly referring to the audience as “we,” and saying “us women.” For example, referring to Trump’s comments she said, “And I have to tell you that I listen to all of this and I feel it so personally, and I’m sure that many of you do too, particularly the women. The shameful comments about our bodies. The disrespect of our ambitions and intellect.” This kind of language and personal connection to the audience makes the listeners feel like Obama has their best interest in mind, and that listening to her message will benefit them. The audience is more likely to trust her, and follow her lead.

Nonetheless, the event that Obama spoke of at the beginning of her speech which was held at the White House, was the celebration of the International Day of the Girl and Let Girls Learn. This set up her audience very effectively (using pathos). At the beginning she said, “And we talked about their hopes and dreams. We talked about their aspirations. See, because many of these girls have faced unthinkable obstacles just to attend school, jeopardizing their personal safety, their freedom, risking the rejection of their families and communities.” Throughout the speech she referred to women’s hopes, dreams, and aspirations. This repetition helped the audience to keep a theme in their minds about women and what they face to be successful; The obstacles and risking of personal safety she refers to is an appeal to the audience’s fear. The concern in Obama’s speech is directed at the idea that people like Trump are the basis of women’s obstacles, and that if he becomes president women will be in danger. Not only that, Obama says, but also the men in this country are in danger of being influenced by Trump.

Those concerns are expressed effectively with strong diction when Obama says, “This was a powerful individual speaking freely and openly about sexually predatory behaviour, and actually bragging about kissing and groping women, using language so obscene that many of us were worried about our children hearing it when we turn on the TV.”

Michelle Obama also appealed to the logic (or logos) of the audience. She told an anecdote about how someone’s six-year-old son decided that because Trump called someone a piggy, he should not be president. Obama stated, “So even a six-year-old knows better. A six-year-old knows that this is not how adults behave. This is not how decent human beings behave. And this is certainly not how someone who wants to be President of the United States behaves.” In this quote, not only is Obama appealing to the audience’s sense of logic, but she is also using parallel structure in her sentences to give her message more emphasis. Also, she lays out her speech logically: Criticizing Donald Trump’s comments and breaking down the negative affects his presidency would have on America (negative tone); And then, slowly uplifting the audience with Hillary Clinton’s opposing views and outcomes; Finally, she ended with the inspirational message to vote for the woman that will protect everyone, who will make a difference, who will more our country forward.

Response to “Citizen” by Claudia Rankine

In Claudia Rankine’s Citizen there is a very prominent message of accidental, or subconscious, discrimination. The readers may ask themselves whether or not they have ever been racist or if they have failed to call out racism out of pure ignorance. We are trained from the beginning of our lives to subconsciously hold social and racial prejudices. Individuals who are often discriminated against quickly learn to ignore and, “let go,” as Rankine repeats in her book, the unfair treatment they face everyday. My project is screenshots of texts, all from the Black Citizen’s perspective. The messages are between the reader and God, the reader and White Citizen’s Subconscious, and the reader and Black Citizen’s Subconscious. These messages mostly revolve around two scenarios: There is an empty seat on the bus next to the Black Citizen and a white person chooses to stand instead of sitting next to them, and a white person crosses paths with the black person on the street late at night. There are other conversations encompassing the general subconsciousness of racism and the questioning of racism as a whole, but they mostly revolve around those two scenarios. I used the Black Citizen’s perspective used in Citizen to help decide what to center the texts around and what to say. I also took from Rankine’s idea of using the second person; When the audience of my project is reading the texts they will automatically read it from their own perspective, as if they are reading conversations on their own phone. The intended result of this is that the white audience understands what it feels like to be in the Black Citizen’s shoes for a few minutes and scenarios. Hopefully the reader sees their own subconscious racism from a new perspective and is able to avoid discriminating in small, typically unnoticeable ways (and of course larger ways).

Texts between Black Citizen and White Citizen’s Subconscious: 

Texts between Black Citizen and Black Citizen’s Subconscious:

Texts between Black Citizen and God:

Response to Citizen Proposal

After reading Claudia Rankine’s Citizen I feel like my eyes have been opened to the subconscious motives and acts of discrimination. My ideas about the book are not completely clear because some of the messages blended with abstract ideas that I couldn’t quite understand. However, the poetry had a huge impact on my view of the world and I feel the need to spread those ideas to my fellow citizens. Responding to this book will help me to understand concepts of the poetry in my own way in order to feel the full impact of the words, and to help me incorporate the ideas into my daily life. Explained below is the product I will create as my response to Citizen.

Medium: I will simulate text messages between the black citizen and their subconscious, a black citizen and the subconscious of a white person, and a black citizen and god/history. In addition to this I will write an artist’s statement to explain to my audience the purpose of my piece.

Topic: The topic I am addressing in my response is the way we communicate superiority and racism through subtle and subconscious actions.

Message: The message to my audience is to be aware of your actions and their impacts, and do not let society brainwash your subconscious into enforcing discrimination.

Audience: I want all unknowingly privileged and discriminating citizens to read my piece. However, a more reasonable audience is the privileged students at my school, because they are more likely to actually look at my product and be affected by it.